Mulberry/Fig family (Moraceae)
Native species (indigenous)
Small slender tree native through the islands in wet and dry forests. Characterized by milky sap, shiny, finely leaves in two rows, and rounded brownish purple fleshy about 3⁄8 inch (1 ) long. Usually a small tree or shrub, sometimes to 40 ft (12 ) high, with trunk to 2 ft (0.6 ) in diameter, slightly enlarged at base. Bark light gray, smooth. Inner bark is yellowish within the green outer layer, fibrous, almost tasteless, with bitter white sap or latex. Twigs become brown and nearly hairless, with forming buds 3⁄16 inch (5 ) long and leaving ring scars at leaf bases.
©2004 Forest And Kim Starr
Flowers male and female mostly on different trees (). Male flowers in long narrow clusters (spikes) to 4 1⁄2 inches (11 ) long and 1⁄4 inch (6 ) wide, very numerous, crowded, whitish to purplish, about 3⁄16 inch (5 ) long, consisting of four- finely hairy and 4 spreading Female flowers are few in short clusters () less than 1⁄2 inch (13 ) long, composed of a four- and with green and two spreading stigmas.
() few, rounded, brownish purple, about 3⁄8 inch (1 ) long, slightly flattened and pointed, hairless, shiny with at base, juicy sweetish white flesh, and rounded stone 1⁄4 inch (6 ) long.
The wood is described as light brown, fine-textured, hard, and tough. That of a related species in Australia was used for boomerangs.
Uncommon in wet and dry forests from near sea level to about 5300 ft (1676 ) altitude. Recorded from Kauai, Oahu, Lanai, Molokai, Maui, and Hawaii.
Height 38 ft (11.6 ), c.b.h. 4 ft (1.2 ), spread 20 ft (6.1 ). Kaupulehu, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii (1968).
New Guinea to Micronesia, S to Norfolk Island., E Australia, New Hebrides, Fiji, Rapa, and Hawaii
Pseudomorus sandwicensis Deg., P. brunoniana var. sandwicensis (Deg.) Skottsb., Streblus sandwicensis (Deg.) St. John